Budapest, the capital of Hungary, is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation center. Budapest is bisected by the River Danube. The city is as much a natural geographical center as it is the country’s transport hub.
The name "Budapest" is a composite of the city names "Buda" and "Pest" since they were united (together with Óbuda) to become a single city in 1873.
Budapest is rich in UNESCO World Heritage sites: the view of the Danube embankments, the Buda Castle District, Andrássy Avenue with Heroes’ Square and the Millennium Underground Railway are now internationally protected areas of the Hungarian capital.
Budapest possesses a rich and fascinating history as well as a vibrant cultural heritage. Recognizing the unique value of its traditions, it has managed to maintain its magic and charm, and is known as the "Queen of the Danube". It has also been called the "City of Spas", as there are a dozen thermal baths complexes served by over a hundred natural thermal springs. The unique and beautiful baths were originally brought by the Turks around 1550 due to the many sources for natural water in the region. Many of them are very old and are not only relaxing and fun but also architectural attractions. The Szechenyi bath or the Gellert bath are often used as backdrops for tourist pictures and are famous spots to visit.
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